Animal bites can become quite severe very quickly, or lay dormant for a time period. With the exception of individual bites this is the diminishing order for rabies infection. Rabies is a disease that usually results from an animal being bitten by an infected animal. Something similar can happen to a human from this infection procedure. If you’re bit by a wild animal, pet, or acquaintances pet, you will need to make sure you have or can find the creature’s immunization records to make certain that they have had their rabies vaccine and it is up to date. If not you may have to receive a rabies vaccine series of shots.
The P’s of pet bites described by Lewis Pasture are still generally true now. Pet’s frequently get a bacterial infection from pasturelli, a bacteria discovered by Lewis Pasture. Peptostreptococcus, staphylococcus aureus, and staphylococcus epidermis often found in the gingival, the pockets of their pets mouth where the tooth meets the teeth, and in the plaque on the animals teeth. When one of these creatures bites or nips you all the time it is a shallow scratching that usually drains into the surface.
For some reason cats seem to have a very low incidence with bites of a first showing infection. However, when they do get infected these organisms can be devastating. The further you go away from the heart or down the extremity to the finger tips or feet, the greater the higher likelihood of infection because of less blood supply led from these sites. In other words an upper arm or thigh is normally less likely to become infected then the finger tips and toes. Lower extremity bites usually appear to be worse than upper extremities.
Hand bites from cats maybe worse because their type of tooth structure is more porus and contains more bacteria. The cats penetrates deeper leaving more germs therefore getting infected. The wound may be warm, red, and swollen inside a few hours. In 12, 24, or 48 hours that the wound can truly swell with 1/4 to a 1/2 cup of pus under the skin. The lymphatic’s can often be involved causing streaks up from the site moving up towards the heart. This is called blood poisoning. The heart pumps blood into the tips of the extremities and the veins usually bring about 99% of the blood back. However, the lymphatics bring the infection and this extra 1 percent back towards the heart. Lymphatics are very soft vessels something like a latex surgical glove. They have one way valves, and nodes with high concentrations of mobile antibodies to kill the bacteria.
When you bend these joints you pump this lymphatic fluid back towards the heart and it is purified and the germs are killed before it gets back to the superior vena cava before the heart. The red streaking you see especially frequently in cat bites signals lymphatic infection that’s not under control and this can cause blood poisoning, amputation of the extremity, sepsis, and even death without proper immediate treatment. Immediate use of tablets of a synthetic PCN mixed with clavulinic acid that can help stop antibiotic resistance to the germs is at least necessary. Additionally probably an injection of something like a 3rd generation cephalosporin and an aminoglycocide such as gentamicin with redness and red streaking are probably essential to quickly stop the infection. The bacteria double exponentially about every 20 minutes producing a huge pus pocket, often requiring major substantial surgical drainage. This is often performed in the office but sometimes it’s necessary to be done in the O.R. with drains for those who are immune to immediately starting antibiotic therapy or waiting a few days. The current correct therapy for an abscess is drainage.
We’re required by law and do report animal bites. After infection there may be pain for a while and the stress is that the sting may have gone down and nicked a bone resulting in a periostal cellulitis of the bone. This may require IV for weeks of therapy. It could require a nuclear bone scan to establish whether the bite infected the bone. The bone could become infected without proper care and cause significant and progressive degeneration of the bone crumbling and weakening the bone and having you quite ill. Fever, chills, and rigors, vibration are signs of skin cellulites, abscess, subcutaneous skin, under skin ailments, and even sepsis an infection of the bacteria in the blood.
If it’s a wild animal that bit you, it usually must be trapped for diagnosis of rabies. Verification of pet immunizations for rabies is essential and don’t hesitate or wait to have this treated by your doctor and probably be placed on antibiotics. Many and many infections will just heal from several domestic animals. You will usually know pretty fast the infected ones will begin getting hot and swollen and will not get any better. When in doubt see your doctor. This is an absolute that the sooner the better treatment that has to be evaluated by a knowledgeable physician. Make certain to get your tetanus immunization and keep it current. If you are taking steroids, immune suppression, blood disorders, cancer, major organ disease like kidney failure, heart problems viewing your physician as quickly as possible is much more important.